Myopia | Innova ocular - Clínica Muiños
What is Myopia?
The myopic individual has an eye longer than normal, which causes the image to form in front of the retina. In practice, this does not allow the individual to sharply see distant objects, but the individual can see nearby things really well.
Myopia usually begins to appear during childhood or puberty, although it has a clear hereditary component. And myopia suffers a more or less constant progression that continues for 20 to 22 years, at which time, in most cases, it ceases its progression. The greatest increase usually occurs during puberty.
Low myopia of up to around 6 diopters hardly differs from normal eyesight with regards to the risk of complications.
This eyesight problem with mid-range values, from around 6 to 12 diopters, requires periodic monitoring of the retina, since the risk of retinal detachment and other specific complications of myopia is clearly greater than in the general population.
Finally, severe myopia, also known as degenerative or progressive myopia, requires special monitoring and frequent preventive processes, to prevent retinal detachment. If such detachment occurs, surgery is almost unavoidable. Additionally, severe myopias can frequently produce other types of retinal injuries, and the most severe one is Fuchs spot. This is a degenerative injury of the macula that only in exceptional cases can be successfully treated with laser.
Do you need more info?
Myopia is, along with hyperopia and astigmatism, a refractive defect that does not allow adequate vision without the correction of glasses or contact lenses.